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Total fertility rate


Source: Office for National Statistics – Births in England and Wales: summary tables


  • The total fertility rate is the average number of live children that a group of women would bear if they experienced the age-specific fertility rates of the calendar year in question throughout their childbearing lifespan. For information on how the fertility rates have been calculated see the ONS user guide to birth statistics.


Key dates 
1939 - 1945Second World War
Introduction of the contraceptive pill
Family Planning Act
Made contraception readily available through the NHS
Abortion Act
Legalised abortion under 28 weeks free on the NHS.



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