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Age-specific fertility rates

 

Source: Office for National Statistics – Births in England and Wales (summary tables)

Notes:

  • The fertility rate is a measure of the annual number of births to women of a specified age or age group per 1,000 women in that age group. The chart shows the age-specific fertility rates for calendar years between 1938 and 2019.
  • The rates for women under 20, as well as those aged 40 and over, are based on the female populations aged 15 to 19 and 40 to 44, respectively.
  • Age-specific fertility rates for 1981 are based on a 10% sample due to the late submission of some birth registrations.
  • The population estimates used to calculate fertility rates from 1938 to 1980 are rounded to the nearest hundred and are therefore of a slightly lower level of accuracy than the fertility rates for 1981 onwards.

 

Key dates 
1939 - 1945Second World War
1961
Introduction of the contraceptive pill
1967
Family Planning Act
Enabled local authorities to open family planning clinics.
1967
Abortion Act
Legalised abortion under 28 weeks free on the NHS.