Skip to content
Closer - The home of longitudinal research

Live births outside marriage


Source: Office for National Statistics – Births in England and Wales


  • A birth within marriage/civil partnership is that of a child born to parents who were lawfully married/in a civil partnership either, a) at the date of the child’s birth, or b) when the child was conceived, even if they later divorced/were granted a civil partnership dissolution or the father/second parent died before the child’s birth.


Key dates 
1939 - 1945Second World War
Introduction of the contraceptive pill
Family Planning Act
Enabled local authorities to open family planning clinics.
Abortion Act
Legalised abortion under 28 weeks free on the NHS.