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Child poverty rates before housing costs


Source: Institute for Fiscal Studies – Living Standards, poverty and inequality in the UK


  • The chart shows the percentage of children living on less than 60% of the contemporary median income, before housing costs (BHC) are deducted, for the period from 1961 to 2018-19.
  • The data refers to Great Britain between 1961 and 2001-02, and the United Kingdom from 2002-03 onwards.
  • All statistics are based on the Institute for Fiscal Studies (IFS) calculations using the Family Expenditure Survey (FES) (1961 to 1993 inclusive), and the Family Resources Survey (FRS) thereafter (1994-95 to 2018-19).



This page is part of Our Changing Society, a free resource developed by CLOSER to provide detailed information about the historical and political backdrop to study participants’ lives.

CLOSER’s mission is to increase the visibility, use and impact of longitudinal population studies, data and research to ensure that longitudinal evidence is used to address the health, social, economic and environmental challenges facing the UK, now and in the future.

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