Physical activity has an important role to play in addressing two of the most important public health challenges of modern times: the rising prevalence of obesity [1-3] and population ageing [4, 5]. Over 60 years, compelling research evidence has been accrued, demonstrating physical activity’s myriad health benefits [6, 7]. More recently, evidence has also highlighted the adverse health consequences of sedentary behaviour .
Longitudinal studies are a valuable resource and many have measured physical activity. This project utilises data from six CLOSER partner studies to identify all measures of physical activity and sedentary behaviour available within each study, document these, and indicate possibilities for harmonisation. The studies are MRC National Survey of Health and Development (NSHD), National Child Development Study (NCDS), 1970 British Cohort Study (BCS70), Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC), Millennium Cohort Study (MCS), and Understanding Society: The UK Household Longitudinal Study (UKHLS).
More details on each of the cohorts, including cohort profiles and guidance on accessing the data, can be found at https://www.closer.ac.uk/closer/explore-the-studies/.
This guide will be structured in the following way. First, the concept of physical activity is defined and its application in research outlined, including a literature review of the key domains of physical activity in relation to various health outcomes. Examples of the use of CLOSER longitudinal data in examining physical activity are provided. Next, each of the CLOSER studies included in this project are outlined and an overview of their measurement of physical activity presented. The next section describes and discusses the potential for cross-study comparability in the different domains of physical activity. The searchable electronic appendix provides detailed documentation on all measures of physical activity described in this guide. Overall, this guide is intended to be a helpful resource which future researchers can both utilise and build upon.
This guide focuses on self-reported measures of physical activity, as these are most commonly ascertained. However, we have documented the objective measures that are available in each study and the relevant sweeps.
Learn more about the individual studies covered by this guide and their measurement of physical activity:
- 1946 National Survey of Health and Development (NSHD)
- 1958 National Child Development Study (NCDS)
- 1970 British Cohort Study (BCS70)
- Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC)
- Millennium Cohort Study (MCS)
- Understanding Society: The UK Household Longitudinal Study (UKHLS)
Explore the measures by physical activity domain and their cross-study comparability:
- Summary of cross-study comparisons
- Leisure time physical activity
- Occupational activity
- Active travel
- Domestic activities
- Sedentary behaviour
- Acknowledgements and copyright information for this guide
- References for this guide
- Download the full guide as a PDF
- Electronic appendix: Index of all documented measures
This page is part of the CLOSER resource: ‘Physical activity across age and study: a guide to data in six CLOSER studies’.