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Unemployment rate by sex


Source: Office for National Statistics – Male unemployment rate and Female unemployment rate


  • The chart shows the unemployment rate for those aged 16 and over.
  • The level and rate of UK unemployment is measured by the Labour Force Survey (LFS) using a definition of unemployment specified by the International Labour Organisation (ILO). Unemployed people are those without a job who have been actively seeking work in the past 4 weeks and are available to start work in the next 2 weeks. It also includes those who are out of work but have found a job and are waiting to start in the next 2 weeks.


This page is part of Our Changing Society, a free resource developed by CLOSER to provide detailed information about the historical and political backdrop to study participants’ lives.

CLOSER’s mission is to increase the visibility, use and impact of longitudinal population studies, data and research to ensure that longitudinal evidence is used to address the health, social, economic and environmental challenges facing the UK, now and in the future.

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