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Death rates from cardiovascular disease (CVD)


Source: British Heart Foundation (BHF) – Heart & Circulatory Disease Statistics 2022


  • Directly age-standardised to the European Standard Population 2013.
  • Statistics recorded every two years from 1969 – 1993, and annually thereafter.


Key dates 
1962Publication: Smoking and Health - Royal College of Physicians
The report often cited as the beginning of changes in attitudes towards smoking.
Television Act
The Government used the 1964 Television Act to ban commercials from advertising cigarettes. (Introduced in 1965).
Introduction of health warnings on packaging
Introduced government warnings onto all cigarette packaging.
Health Act
Banned smoking in enclosed public spaces. (Introduced in 2007)
2018Soft Drinks Industry Levy
Aimed to reduce sugar in soft drinks and tackle obesity. Known widely as the 'Sugar Tax'.



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