Skip to content
Closer - The home of longitudinal research

Cognitive abilities measured in the Millennium Cohort Study

Explore what cognitive ability domains were measured in the Millennium Cohort Study (MCS) cohort by age and test used.

For background guidance on the table below, see the main harmonisation feasibility page in this guide.

Test3 yrs5 yrs7 yrs11 yrs14 yrs17 yrs
Bracken School ReadinessGc (Gq/Gv)
Naming Vocabulary (BAS II)GcGc
Pattern Construction (BAS II)GvGv
Picture Similarities (BAS II)Gf
Word Reading (BAS II)Gc/Grw
Progress in Maths (NFER, adapted)Gq
Verbal Similarities (BAS II)Gc
Cambridge Gambling Task (CGT; CANTAB)Gt/GsGt/Gs
Spatial Working Memory Task (SWM; CANTAB)Gsm
Vocabulary test (Applied Psychological Unit (APU))Gc
Number Analogies test (CAT3)Gq


Gf=Fluid reasoning/fluid intelligence; Gsm=Short-term memory; Glr=Long-term storage & retrieval; Gs=Processing speed; Gt=Reaction time; Gc=Acquired knowledge/crystallised intelligence; Grw=Reading and writing; Gq=Quantitative knowledge; Gv=Visual processing.

Explanations of the individual ability domains are provided in the introductory section of this guide.

Find out more about each of the cognitive tests administered to the MCS cohort in our searchable overview of measures.

Explore what cognitive abilities have been measured by the other cohort studies in this guide:

Explore where similar cognitive abilities have been measured across the studies at different ages:

This page is part of CLOSER’s ‘A guide to the cognitive measures in five British birth cohort studies’.