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ALSPAC – Age 18 months – GSMD Hand and Eye Coordination Scale

The Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC) assessed their cohort members (CMs) at 18 months’ age (Children in Focus Clinic) using the Griffiths Scales of Mental Development (GSMD) Hand and Eye Coordination Scale.

Details on this measure and the data collected from the CMs are outlined in the table below.

Measures:Hand and eye coordination
Finger dexterity
Manual dexterity
Arm-hand steadiness
CHC:Gp (Psychomotor Abilities)
Administration method:Trained interviewer; clinical setting; guided play session; pen and paper
Procedure:During a guided play session, the researcher noted whether the child could complete a series of tasks, e.g. whether the child could use a pencil on paper a little, build a tower of 3-7 blocks, throw a ball.
Link to questionnaire: (opens in new tab)
Scoring:Standardised DQ (0 - 100)
Item-level variable(s):Not readily available
Total score/derived variable(s):cf775, cf781
Descriptives:Unadjusted scoreAge adjusted score
N = 1,174N = 1,167
Range = 0 - 27Range = 64.38 - 133.71
Mean = 19.611Mean = 106.48
SD = 2.35SD = 10.28
(click image to enlarge)
(click image to enlarge)
Age of participants:Mean = 79.90 weeks, SD = 1.47, Range = 76 - 87
Other sweep and/or cohort:None
Source:Griffiths, R. (1970). The abilities of young children. London: Child Development Research Centre.
Technical resources:None
Reference examples:Little, R. E., Northstone, K., Golding, J., & ALSPAC Study Team. (2002). Alcohol, breastfeeding, and development at 18 months. Pediatrics, 109(5), e72-e72.
Pearson, R. M., Heron, J., Melotti, R., Joinson, C., Stein, A., Ramchandani, P. G., & Evans, J. (2011). The association between observed non-verbal maternal responses at 12 months and later infant development at 18 months and IQ at 4 years: A longitudinal study. Infant Behavior and Development, 34(4), 525-533.

For the named items in the table above, links are provided (where applicable) to their corresponding content on CLOSER Discovery.

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This page is part of CLOSER’s ‘A guide to the cognitive measures in five British birth cohort studies’.